Breaking Down the 2019 U.S. Homeless Count Numbers by Regions and Divisions Established by the U.S. Census Bureau

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-More than one-third (34.7%) of all persons were counted in Region 4: West;
Division 9, (Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington)–

–More than half (54.8%) of all persons were counted in Region 4: West; Division 9 and
Region 1; Division 2 (New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania)—

–A strategic focus is needed for states with significant percentages of persons counted
within their regional division, which include California, Florida, Massachusetts,
New York, Tennessee, and Texas as noted in Table 13–

There were 567,715 persons counted as homeless during the 2019 homeless count according to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), which is the agency that certifies the count.

This report provides a breakdown of the 567,715 persons counted as homeless within the four current regions and nine divisions that are the standard data tabulation units used by the U.S. Census Bureau. Of the 567,715 persons counted, 562,184 or 99% were counted in the four current regions and nine divisions. The remaining 5,531 persons or 1% were counted in Puerto Rico (2,535) or the following U.S. territories of Virgin Islands (314); Guam (875); and the Northern Mariana Islands (1,807).

One Regional Division Counted More Than One-third of All Persons

The geographic unit with the largest number of persons counted was Region 4: West; Division 9: Pacific as outlined in Table 1. More than one-third (34.7%) or 197,050 of the 567,715 persons were counted in the states of Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

Table 1. Persons Counted as Homeless in Region 4: West; Division 9: Pacific (Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington)

StatesTotal Persons Counted in 2019
Alaska1,907
California151,278
Hawaii6,412
Oregon15,876
Washington21,577

Total:

197,050

Two Regional Divisions Counted More Than Half of All Persons

The geographic unit with the next largest number of persons counted was Region 1: Northeast; Division 2: Middle Atlantic Division as outlined in Table 2. One-fifth (20.1%) or 114,152 of the 567,715 persons were counted in the states of New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

Table 2. Persons Counted as Homeless in Region 1: Northeast; Division 2: Mid-Atlantic (New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania)

StatesTotal Persons Counted in 2019
New Jersey8,862
New York92,091
Pennsylvania13,199

Total:

114,152

Together, Region 1: Northeast; Division 2: Middle Atlantic Division and Region 4: West; Division 9: Pacific, had a total of 311,202 persons counted or more than half (54.8%) of the 567,715 persons who were counted as noted in Table 3.

Table 3. Persons counted as homeless for region 1 and 4 compared to all other regional divisions

 

Regional Division

 

 

Total Persons Counted in 2019

 

Percent of Persons Counted in 2019

 

 

Cumulative Percent

Region 4: West; Division 9: Pacific197,05034.734.7
Region 1: Northeast; Division 2114,15220.154.8
All Other Regional Divisions256,51345.2100

Total:

567,715100100

Three Regional Divisions Counted More Than Two-thirds of All Persons

The geographic unit with the next largest number of persons counted was Region 3: South; Division 5: South Atlantic (Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, District of Columbia, and West Virginia) as outlined in Table 4. There were 73,440 persons counted, which represents 13% of all persons counted.

Table 4. Persons Counted as Homeless in Region 3: South; Division 5: South Atlantic (Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia)

StatesTotal Persons Counted in 2019
Delaware921
District of Columbia6,521
Florida28,328
Georgia10,443
Maryland6,561
North Carolina9,314
South Carolina4,172
Virginia5,783
West Virginia1,397

Total:

73,440

Together, Region 3: South; Division 5: South Atlantic, Region 1: Northeast; Division 2: Middle Atlantic Division, and Region 4: West; Division 9: Pacific had a total of 384,642 persons counted or more than two-thirds (67.8%) of the 567,715 persons who were counted as noted in Table 5.

Table 5. Persons counted as homeless for Region 4, Region 1, and Region 3 compared to all other regional divisions

 

Regional Division

 

Total Persons Counted in 2019

Percent of Persons Counted in 2019 

 Cumulative Percent

Region 4: West; Division 9: Pacific197,05034.734.7
Region 1: Northeast; Division 2114,15220.154.8
Region 3: South; Division 5: South Atlantic, Region 173,44013.067.8
All Other Regional Divisions183,07332.2100

Total:

567,715100100

All Other Regional Divisions

The other regional division is in Region 1: Northeast; is Division 1: New England, which includes the states of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont in which 27,150 or 4.8% of all persons were counted.

Table 6. Persons Counted as Homeless in Region 1: Northeast; Division 1: New England (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont)

StatesTotal Persons Counted in 2019
Connecticut3,033
Maine2,106
Massachusetts18,471
New Hampshire1,396
Rhode Island1,055
Vermont1,089

Total:

27,150

There are two divisions in Region 2: Midwest. The first is Division 3: East North Central, which includes the states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin in which 39,128 or 6.9% of all persons were counted.

Table 7. Persons Counted as Homeless in Region 2: Midwest; Division 3: East North Central (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin)

StatesTotal Persons Counted in 2019
Illinois10,199
Indiana5,471
Michigan8,575
Ohio10,345
Wisconsin4,538

Total:

39,128

The second division in Region 2: Midwest is Division 4: West North Central, which includes the states of Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota in which 22,769 or 4.0% of all persons were counted.

Table 8. Persons Counted as Homeless in Region 2: Midwest; Division 4: West North Central (Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota)

StatesTotal Persons Counted in 2019
Iowa2,315
Kansas2,381
Minnesota7,977
Missouri6,179
Nebraska2,365
North Dakota557
South Dakota995

Total:

22,769

There are two divisions in Region 2: Midwest. The first is Division 3: East North Central, which includes the states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin in which 39,128 or 6.9% of all persons were counted.

Region 3: South has two divisions. The first one is Division 6: East South Central, which includes the states of Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee in which 15,991 or 2.8% of all persons were counted.

Table 9. Persons Counted as Homeless in Region 3: South; Division 6: East South Central (Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee)

StatesTotal Persons Counted in 2019
Alabama3,261
Kentucky4,079
Mississippi1,184
Tennessee7,467

Total:

15,991

Region 3: South’s other division is Division 7: West South Central, which includes the states of Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas in which 35,450 or 6.2% of all persons were counted.

Table 10. Persons Counted as Homeless in Region 3: South; Division 7: West South Central (Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas)

StatesTotal Persons Counted in 2019
Arkansas2,717
Louisiana2,941
Oklahoma3,944
Texas25,848

Total:

35,450

The second division in Region 4: West is Division 8: Mountain, which includes the states of Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming in which 37,054 or 6.5% of all persons were counted.

Table 11. Persons Counted as Homeless in Region 4: West; Division 8: Mountain (Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming)

StatesTotal Persons Counted in 2019
Arizona10,007
Colorado9,619
Idaho2,315
Montana1,357
Nevada7,169
New Mexico3,241
Utah2,798
Wyoming548

Total:

37,054

Puerto Rico and the U.S. Territories of Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and Virgin Islands had a combined homeless count of 5,531 persons, which represents 1.0% of all persons counted.

Table 12. Persons counted in the geographic units of Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and Virgin Islands.

Geographic UnitTotal Persons Counted in 2019
Guam875
Northern Mariana Islands1,807
Puerto Rico2,535
Virgin Islands314

Total:

5,531

A Strategic Focus

A closer look at the data shows that several of the regional divisions had one state with a significantly higher percentage of persons counted as homeless than the other states within its regional division.

Table 13. States with significant percentages of persons counted within their regional division.

 

 

Regional Division

State with Significant Percentage of Persons Counted within Their Regional DivisionPercentage of Persons Counted within Regional Division
Region 1: Northeast; Division 2: Mid-AtlanticNew York80.7
Region 4: West; Division 9: PacificCalifornia76.8
Region 3: South; Division 7: West South CentralTexas72.9
Region 1: Northeast; Division 1: New EnglandMassachusetts68.0
Region 3: South; Division 6: East South CentralTennessee46.7
Region 3: South; Division 5: South AtlanticFlorida38.6

Achieving a national goal “that ensures homelessness is prevented whenever possible, or if it can’t be prevented, it is a rare, brief, and one-time experience” has been outlined in Home, Together: The Federal Strategic Plan to Prevent and End Homelessness.

Achieving the national goal entails a strategic focus on the six states listed in Table 13 with significant percentages of persons counted within their regional division.

A strategic focus should involve federal partners continuing “to work with communities, and provide tools and information, that will enable them to set their own ambitious goals, tailored to their local conditions, and grounded in their local data,” a salient point made in the Federal Strategic Plan.

A strategic focus should also include another salient point in the plan, which is “Achieving these shared goals is not possible through federal action alone—it requires strategic focus, effort, and investments from both the public and the private sectors and across all levels of government.”

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