Hundreds of Persons with HIV/AIDS Continue to Live on the Streets and in Shelters in California according to Recent Homeless Counts

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–The number of persons with HIV/AIDS counted as homeless in the United States in 2019 was half (50.4%) the number of persons with HIV/AIDS counted in 2005–

–In contrast, the number of persons with HIV/AIDS counted as homeless in California in 2019 was one and a half times (155.0%) of the persons counted in 2005–

Figure 1 shows the contrast between the number of persons with HIV/AIDS counted as homeless in the United States in 2019 and the number of persons with HIV/AIDS counted as homeless in California.

Figure 1. Number of persons with HIV/AIDS counted as homeless in the United States and California between 2005 and 2019.

The following map lists the number of persons with HIV/AIDS counted as homeless in California for each of the state’s 44 Continuums of Care (CoC).
Click here to download a pdf file of map

In general people living with HIV/AIDS are at a higher risk of homelessness than the general population. Some studies have indicated as many as half of individuals with HIV/AIDS are at risk of homelessness due to unaffordable housing costs and the high cost of medical care.

Homeless individuals with HIV/AIDS face considerable challenges in handling their health. Accessing healthcare and adhering to complex medical regimens is extremely difficult while living on the streets or in shelters.

Implications for Next Steps

Care coordination has been delineated well. 3 Steps for Developing Integrated Care Coordination for Homeless Individuals with HIV/AIDS involves creating an integrated care plan to identify the specific needs of the homeless person living with HIV/AIDS; engaging community providers; and utilizing technology which 4 Ways to Provide HIV/AIDS Housing & Healthcare to Homeless PLWHA describes in the following ways:

1. “Coordinate outreach efforts for persons living with HIV/AIDS;
2. Break down barriers through provider-client relationship;
3. Secure housing for persons living with HIV/AIDS;
4. Develop an individualized, integrated plan of care for PLWHA.”

Care coordination is more crucial for those CoCs that counted significantly more persons living with HIV/AIDS.

Table 1 notes that five of the 44 CoCs counted 1,926 or nearly three-fourths (73.4%) of the 2,622 persons living with HIV/AIDS throughout the state. The Los Angeles City and County CoC counted 1,221 or nearly half (46.6%) of the 2,622 persons living with HIV/AIDS throughout the state.

Table 1. CoCs that counted more than 100 persons living with HIV/AIDS.

Continuum of Care:2019 Count
CA-501San Francisco CoC243
CA-502Oakland, Berkeley/Alameda County CoC207
CA-600Los Angeles City & County CoC1,221
CA-601San Diego City and County CoC149
CA-602Santa Ana, Anaheim/Orange County CoC106
 

Total:

1,926

Table 2 shows that 18 of the 44 CoCs counted between 10 and 100 persons living with HIV/AIDS within their jurisdictions. Their total number of persons was 607 or nearly one-fourth (23.1%) of the 2,622 persons living with HIV/AIDS throughout the state.

Table 2. CoCs that counted between 10 and 100 persons living with HIV/AIDS.

Continuum of Care:2019 Count
CA-500San Jose/Santa Clara City & County CoC81
CA-503Sacramento City & County CoC83
CA-504Santa Rosa, Petaluma/Sonoma County CoC60
CA-506Salinas/Monterey, San Benito Counties CoC24
CA-508Watsonville/Santa Cruz City & County CoC29
CA-510Turlock, Modesto/Stanislaus County CoC21
CA-511Stockton/San Joaquin County CoC25
CA-514Fresno City & County/Madera County CoC17
CA-516Redding/Shasta County CoC11
CA-519Chico, Paradise/Butte County CoC13
CA-522Humboldt County CoC25
CA-603Santa Maria/Santa Barbara County CoC10
CA-606Long Beach CoC54
CA-607Pasadena CoC24
CA-608Riverside City & County CoC34
CA-609San Bernardino City & County CoC47
CA-611Oxnard, San Buenaventura/Ventura County CoC16
CA-614San Luis Obispo County CoC33
 

Total:

607

The next table notes that nearly half, 21 or 47.7%, of the 44 CoCs counted less than 10 persons living with HIV/AIDS within their jurisdictions, which totaled 89 persons or 3.4% of the 2,622 persons living with HIV/AIDS throughout the state.

Table 3. CoCs that counted less than 10 persons living with HIV/AIDS.

Continuum of Care:2019 Count
CA-505Richmond/Contra Costa County CoC9
CA-507Marin County CoC6
CA-509Mendocino County CoC7
CA-512Daly City/San Mateo County CoC3
CA-513Visalia/Kings, Tulare Counties CoC7
CA-515Roseville, Rocklin/Placer County4
CA-517Napa City & County CoC1
CA-518Vallejo/Solano County CoC9
CA-520Merced City & County CoC9
CA-521Davis, Woodland/Yolo County CoC2
CA-523Colusa, Glen, Trinity Counties CoC0
CA-524Yuba City/Sutter County CoC0
CA-525El Dorado County CoC2
CA-526Tuolumne, Amador, Calaveras, Mariposa Counties CoC0
CA-527Tehama County CoC3
CA-529Lake County CoC0
CA-530Alpine, Inyo, Mono Counties CoC4
CA-531Nevada County CoC5
CA-604Bakersfield/Kern County CoC6
CA-612Glendale CoC7
CA-613Imperial County CoC5
 

Total:

89

 

 

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