The Number of Persons Counted by California’s 44 Continuums of Care (CoCs) as Chronically Homeless, Chronic Substance Users, and Severely Mentally Ill Continues to Increase Throughout the State

A 2023 to 2022 homeless count comparison of each subpopulation for the entire State,
Northern California, Central California, and Southern California is detailed below

Click here to see a regional map of CoCs

The 2023 to 2022 homeless count comparison revealed the following for the State of California, which is also noted side by side in the chart below:

  • The number of adults and children counted as chronically homeless was 60,905 in 2022 and 71,150 in 2023 representing an increase of 10,245 persons or 8%.
  • The number of adults counted as chronic substance users was 36,096 in 2022 and 43,047 in 2023 representing an increase of 6,951 persons or 3%.
  • The number of adults counted as severely mentally ill was 39,721 in 2022 and 45,222 in 2023 representing an increase of 5,501 persons or 8%.

Each subpopulation includes the number of persons counted as sheltered and unsheltered as noted by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) on its CoC Homeless Populations and Subpopulations Reports web page for 2023 and 2022. 

Note: HUD requires CoCs to complete a sheltered count every year but does not require an unsheltered count every year. However, HUD does require an unsheltered count every other year. There are 15 CoCs that completed an unsheltered count in 2022 but not in 2023 and they are listed in blue text in each Appendix below. Of the 15 CoCs, 10 were Northern California CoCs, 3 were Central California CoCs, and 2 were Southern California CoCs. HUD added their 2022 unsheltered count to their 2023 sheltered count. Thus, their 2023 total count includes their 2022 unsheltered count and their 2023 sheltered count. 

Significant Increase of Adults and Children Counted as Chronically Homeless in Each Region

The following table shows that the number of adults and children counted as chronically homeless was notably higher for each region in 2023 when compared to 2022.

See Appendix A below for a comparative list of the total number of adults and children counted as chronically homeless in 2022 compared to 2023 for each CoC within each region.

Significant Increase of Adults Counted as Chronic Substance Users in Each Region

The next table shows that the number of adults counted as chronic substance users was notably higher for each region in 2023 when compared to 2022.

See Appendix B below for a comparative list of the total number of adults counted as chronic substance users in 2022 compared to 2023 for each CoC within each region.

Significant Increase of Adults Counted as Severely Mentally Ill in Each Region 

The following table shows that the number of adults counted as severely mentally ill was notably higher for each region in 2023 when compared to 2022.

See Appendix C below for a comparative list of the total number of adults counted as severely mentally ill in 2022 compared to 2023 for each CoC within each region.

This report is the second report that Urban Initiatives posted concerning California’s 2023 homeless count results.

To see the first report, which focused on a comparison of the total number of adults and children counted as homeless for the entire state and each major region in 2023 to the number counted in 2022, click here.

The findings in this subpopulation report help explain the latest increase in the total number of adults and children counted as homeless as described in the first report, which noted a recent statewide increase of 5.8% and a comparison by each major region.

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